DOBIN, SHIMON (Shimoni; 1869–1944), writer, educator, and socialist in Russia. Born in Bobr, Belorussia, he joined the Ḥibat Zion movement in Odessa as a young man. With B. Borochov he became an early member of the Po'alei Zion in Yekaterinoslav, and was a delegate to the Minsk convention of Russian Zionists in 1902. He continued to play an active role in Zionist workers' movements for some time, and was a founder of vozrozhdeniye and the Zionist Socialist Workers' Party . In 1906–07 he edited Folksshtimme, the organ of the Jewish Socialist Workers' Party . After imprisonment and exile for his political activities he joined the bund in Kiev in 1911. After the October Revolution he became active in "Ozet" and educational institutions, and contributed articles on Yiddish literature and language. He died in Sverdlovsk. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Eynikeyt (June 8, 1944), 2; LNYL, 2 (1958), 430–1; Iggerot B. Katznelson (1961), 364–6; Geshikhte fun Bund, 2 (1962), index; ibid., 3 (1966), index. (Moshe Mishkinsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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